This week we will explore a few words from categories that are as confusing as some of the words! Most of us are familiar with homonyms, but did you know they have a sub-category: (homophones)? Then we have homographs to add more to the mix. Let’s hope this article helps clear things up a bit.
Homonyms: words that sound alike or spelled alike, but have different meanings, or pronounced the same: Lie, lie. Aisle, isle.
Homophones: a type of homonym that also sound alike and have different meanings but have different spellings.
Homographs: words that are spelled the same but have different meanings.
(for a more homophones and homographs, click here, or fresheyesreading.com) Or pronounced differently: bow (curtsy), bow (arrow). Content (happy), content (the inside of something).
However, a few words appear to have the same meaning, but are different. For example:
There are many definitions of mean (as a verb, noun, and adjective.) Here we use it to compare the nouns.
Mean: something that is midway between two extremes; something intermediate:
to seek a mean between cynicism and blind faith.
Median: relating to the value in the center of the distribution for an array of data:
the median income of American households.
Average: (noun) a quantity, rating, or the like that represents or approximate; an arithmetic mean.
Her golf average is in the 90s. My average in science has gone from B to C this semester.
Average: (adjective) The definition of average is typical or common.
A person with brown hair, brown eyes, medium build and medium height is an example of an average individual.
(noun) Average is defined as a value found by adding all of the numbers in a set together and then dividing them by the quantity of numbers in the set.
Six is an example of the average of five and seven.
Metaphor: a figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblance, as in “A mighty fortress is our God.”
Simile: a figure of speech in which two unlike things are explicitly compared, as in “She is like a rose.”
Nauseated: (verb) to affect with nausea; sicken.
to cause to feel extreme disgust: His vicious behavior toward the dogs nauseates me.
Nauseous: (adjective) affected with nausea; to feel nauseous.
disgusting; loathsome: a nauseous display of greed.
Objective/subjective – again – many definitions. Here we are comparing the two words as adjectives.
Objective:not influenced by personal feelings, interpretations, or prejudice; based on facts; unbiased. an objective opinion.
Subjective: The definition of subjective is something that is based on personal opinion. I believe blue is the best color.
Parody: a humorous or satirical imitation of a serious piece of literature or writing: his hilarious parody of Hamlet’s soliloquy.
(verb) to imitate – a composition, author, etc. for purposes of ridicule or satire.
Parity: equality, as in amount, status, or character.
equivalence; correspondence; similarity; analogy. parity of reasoning; parity of income between two employees.
Quote: (verb) to repeat (a passage, phrase, etc.) from a book, speech, or the like, as by way of authority, illustration; to repeat words from (a book, author, etc.).
Quotation: (noun) something that is quoted; a passage quoted from a book, speech.
the act or practice of quoting.
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