Weekly Words M-Q

Weekly Words M-Q

This week we will explore a few words from categories that are as confusing as some of the words! Most of us are familiar with homonyms, but did you know they have a sub-category: (homophones)? Then we have homographs to add more to the mix. Let’s hope this article helps clear things up a bit.

Homonyms: words that sound alike or spelled alike, but have different meanings, or pronounced the same: Lie, lie. Aisle, isle.

Homophones: a type of homonym that also sound alike and have different meanings but have different spellings.

Homographs: words that are spelled the same but have different meanings. 

(for a more homophones and homographs, click here, or fresheyesreading.com) Or pronounced differently: bow (curtsy), bow (arrow). Content (happy), content (the inside of something).

However, a few words appear to have the same meaning, but are different. For example:

Mean/median/average

There are many definitions of mean (as a verb, noun, and adjective.) Here we use it to compare the nouns.

Mean: something that is midway between two extremes; something intermediate:

to seek a mean between cynicism and blind faith.

Median: relating to the value in the center of the distribution for an array of data:

the median income of American households.

Average: (noun) a quantity, rating, or the like that represents or approximate; an arithmetic mean.

Her golf average is in the 90s. My average in science has gone from B to C this semester.

Average: (adjective) The definition of average is typical or common.

A person with brown hair, brown eyes, medium build and medium height is an example of an average individual.

(noun) Average is defined as a value found by adding all of the numbers in a set together and then dividing them by the quantity of numbers in the set.

Six is an example of the average of five and seven.

Metaphor/simile 

Metaphor: a figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblance, as in “A mighty fortress is our God.” 

Simile: a figure of speech in which two unlike things are explicitly compared, as in “She is like rose.”

Nauseated/nauseous

Nauseated: (verb) to affect with nausea; sicken.

to cause to feel extreme disgust: His vicious behavior toward the dogs nauseates me.

Nauseous: (adjective) affected with nausea; to feel nauseous.

disgusting; loathsome: a nauseous display of greed.

Objective/subjective – again – many definitions. Here we are comparing the two words as adjectives.

Objective:not influenced by personal feelings, interpretations, or prejudice; based on facts; unbiased. an objective opinion.

Subjective: The definition of subjective is something that is based on personal opinion. I believe blue is the best color.

Parody/parity

Parody: a humorous or satirical imitation of a serious piece of literature or writing: his hilarious parody of Hamlet’s soliloquy.

(verb) to imitate – a composition, author, etc. for purposes of ridicule or satire.

Parity: equality, as in amount, status, or character.

equivalence; correspondence; similarity; analogy. parity of reasoning; parity of income between two employees.

Quote/quotation

Quote: (verb) to repeat (a passage, phrase, etc.) from a book, speech, or the like, as by way of authority, illustration; to repeat words from (a book, author, etc.).

Quotation: (noun) something that is quoted; a passage quoted from a book, speech.

the act or practice of quoting.

Fresh Eyes Reading

Trina Gigax

trina@FreshEyesReading.com

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